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Rationalization

Rationalization

Rationalization - psychological defense-related knowledge and use in thinking only of that part of the perceived information, through which their own behavior looks like, well controlled and does not contradict the objective circumstances. In this traumatic situation unacceptable part is removed from consciousness, specially converted and then realized in a modified form. Protection is provided by constructing convincing arguments to justify their socially unacceptable desires and actions. Streamlining is the main feature in an attempt to create harmony between the desired and the actual situation after the fact, and thus prevent the loss of self-esteem.

Displacement - a form of psychological defense

Displacement - a form of psychological defense

displacement due to the avoidance of internal conflict through active off from consciousness - forgetting - the true motive unacceptable. Displacement provided by the operation of censorship, rejecting any generally objectionable material lodged in the consciousness, while a feeling of forgetting her. As the principle of conservation of missing experiences ousting first described by Freud. Among the causes of this phenomenon, he pointed intention to avoid displeasure, which is caused by the data memory. Displacing traumatic motive appeals to the wrong people, hiding the true state not only from others but from themselves. Thanks to displace some desire can not be satisfied, and there is a conflict. He provokes increasing overall emotionality, which in turn encourages the use of affective logic associated with the choice of extreme variants in assessing the validity.

Projection - the type of psychological defense

Projection - the type of psychological defense

Projection - Fork psychological protection associated with the unconscious transference unacceptable own feelings, expectations and aspirations to another person. Projection occurs when confronted with their own indiscretions, undesirable quality, people partially trims about this, preventing awareness that it is his own act or quality. Assuming consciousness about the existence of adverse facts as such, a man carries it not to himself, but to another person or object, thereby complementing the extruded piece of information.

Psychological defenses: identification

Psychological defenses: identification

Identification

-kind projection associated with the unconscious identification with another person, transfer to the feelings and qualities desired but inaccessible. Such a reverse projection in childhood helps to shape the values ​​and life to overcome feelings of worthlessness, defects of character, developing at the desired properties and quality. Thus, the identification - a process in which a person borrows thoughts, feelings or actions of another person acting as a model. Imagine yourself on the spot model, it can test the state of empathy, complicity, empathy, ie to understand, to feel myself through another.

Alienation as a psychological defense

Alienation as a psychological defense

Alienation - psychological defense associated with isolation, isolation within human consciousness traumatic factors. When scrap unacceptable information as it is encapsulated, thereby blocked from access to other areas of consciousness: Two-pronged arises. As a result, the connection between the traumatic event and its emotional evaluation violated. Loss for the alienation characteristic feelings of emotional connection between the unacceptable events and their own experiences about them, although the reality of these events recognized. Occurrence of alienation as the ability to go beyond I own due to the change in position of the joint venture. Limited exclusion has a positive meaning, new insight in its contradictions. Human freedom also implies the ability to self-removal. If a person can not tolerate all the time himself, he can dissociate himself from something in itself. Then there is the need for internal distance between acceptable and unacceptable parts I allow myself to take in respect of some or their condition or quality of the new position.

Substitution - the type of psychological defense

Substitution - the type of psychological defense

Replacement - psychological defense undertaking transfer action aimed at inaccessible object , the object is available, thereby discharging stress created unmet need. substitution mechanism organizes a relationship between two activities. when implemented, at least partially, solve problems unattainable. Creature substitution associated with the reorientation reaction. When one path is closed, it is something that oppose our will is yourself another way. However, the ability of man to refocus their actions personally unacceptable to acceptable or socially disapproved on disapproved limited. Limitation determined that the greatest satisfaction from the action desired replacement, occurs in humans when the motives of both actions are placed on adjacent or nearby levels of hierarchically organized system of motives.

Dreaming - a form of psychological defense

Dreaming - a form of psychological defense

Masking in dreams associated with the use of special characters. Fromm distinguishes three types of characters: conventional, casual and versatile. Conditional mediated socially. They have emerged as a result of an agreement, and they are characterized by the absence of deep connection between itself and the symbol that he represents. Random characters subjectively associated with any situation if only part of the sample. Universal - characterized by deep objective proximity symbol with objects and phenomena, which he designates, and in this sense they are common to all people.

Psychological defense sublimation

Psychological defense sublimation

Sublimation - a psychological defense undertaking reorientation of sexual or aggressive human potentials, the implementation of which comes into conflict with the personal social norms acceptable and even encouraged by society forms of creative activity. In this sense, sublimation - a special form of protection by type of substitution, as it is to redirect. However, it is not replaced by the object itself (the unacceptable acceptable), and how to interact with them.

Catharsis - a method of psychological defense

Catharsis - a method of psychological defense

Catharsis - psychological defense-related change in the value system, aimed at reducing the impact of the traumatic factor. To do this sometimes involved some external, global values, in comparison with which a traumatic situation a person loses its significance. Changes in the system of human values ​​can only occur with significant emotional stress, hot passions, which give rise to certain emotions over others.

Psychological defense mechanisms in children

Psychological defense mechanisms in children

forms of psychological defense folded in adults gradually evolving from more primitive characteristic of children. Considering the immature form, you will notice analogues denial, substitution, identification, projection, rationalization. Of a variety of protective reactions reported in children and adolescents, the most typical: passive protest, opposition, imitation, emancipation and compensation.

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