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Psycology » General Psychology » Mental processes » Imagination

Imagination - A mental process that allows us to construct an image of an object or situation that we never took.

Imagination diverse functions:

  • it allows you to present the result of the activities performed before it started, and thus serves as the basis of creativity;
  • it allows you to make the program behavior when there is not enough information to make sense of the problem situation;
  • it allows you to relieve some of the mental stress associated with the absence of any need to meet;
  • it allows us to create images that match the description and, thus, contributes to mutual understanding in communication.
Types of imagination

Passive imagination - Escape from reality, creating an image of behavior that never materialize into reality.

Passive imagination can be intentional and unintentional.

Intentional passive imagination peculiar weak people who are not able to deal with life's problems, have difficulty in making discretionary decisions. These people produce an imaginary world in which there is the satisfaction of their basic needs. Also this kind of peculiar imagination for young children, due to the specific operation of their psyche.

Unintentional passive imagination observed at weakening conscious control, ie a drowsy state, unable to sleep, in disorders of consciousness associated with the disease or abnormal state of mind.

Active Imagination is creative and re-creative.

Creative imagination suggests independent imaging and is an integral part of the creative process.

Recreates the imagination necessary for reading fiction, working with geographic maps or drawings.

Mechanisms of imagination

SUMMARY imaging mechanisms is to convert representations (previously perceptible images) in different ways.

Agglutination - Bonding parts previously perceived images in new and unusual combinations (for example, a centaur).

Amplification - Change the size of the object (dwarf or giant) or the number of parts of the object (or two-headed Janus Cyclops).

Sharpening - Underline any signs (cartoons).

Schematization or Typing - Selection of multiple traits and creation on their basis of a new image.

Imagination plays a special role in childhood. Fantastic for children created imaginative images are no different from the images of perception - they are as real and should be considered when dealing with them. Need to encourage the creative process, and this is impossible without a well-developed imagination. But sometimes a child, faced with complex problems, prefers not to look for ways to resolve them, and goes into an imaginary world where these problems are resolved fantastic ways. This is certainly reflected in the behavior of the child. Including If parents notice that the child is often "no" if it appears an imaginary friend - it should alert them and force them to think about why the child prefers to live in a dream, and not in the real world. Excessive daydreaming often indicates vulnerable psyche and of irregularities in the child's life.


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