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Theory of Rank

key element in the complex dynamics of the death-rebirth experience seems biological birth trauma. Its significance for psychology and psychotherapy was first established and revealed in detail by Otto Rank in his work "The Trauma of Birth" (1929).

Theory Sullivan

Sullivan Interpersonal Theory emphasizes the importance of the various stages of development in human life: infancy, childhood, juvenile era predyunosti, early adolescence, late adolescence maturity. The basis of a healthy mental development of man is the ability to establish close relationships with other people.

Erikson's theory

To understand that Erickson understands mature person, enter the term "identity" personality - one of the central in the whole theory. This term refers to Erickson's image of himself in a variety of relationships to the world with the appropriate forms of behavior that is recognized personality.

Theory Murray

Theory Murray has spawned a wave of research on the needs and methods of quantitative evaluation of personal characteristics. Some of its provisions - such as the need to belong to a group, the need for achieving the desired - got enough reliable experimental confirmation. As for the other claims, the level of their podtverzhdennocti significantly lower.

Freud's theory

In his worldview

development Freud was very complex and contradictory way. Making their first steps in the field of psychiatry, he was guided by the precepts of science materialism of the twentieth century, but as the creator of psychoanalysis scientist withdrawn from them toward идеалистическоиррационалистической "filosofiizhizni" (Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, etc.), under the influence of which had the idea of ​​fundamental importance for human behavior "psychic energy" inherent инстинктивнофизиологическим inclinations of individuals.

Kinds of emotions

Emotions - this is a very complex mental phenomena. The most significant emotions accepted to the following types of emotional experiences.

Types of psychological protection of the individual

Types of psychological protection of the individual

While coming from outside information supports the already established in human understanding of the world and himself, he lives in harmony with himself. Coincidence ideal self-image determines the real welfare of the human soul. But here there has been a discrepancy arises internal stress, motivating change or ideal or real representation, or not to receive the information that leads to an imbalance of views. In the process invades censored instance, the ability to create protective mechanisms. Emerging acts as protection fencing of consciousness from information that can destroy purposeful thinking, constructed in accordance with the model of the world cash.

Denial as a way of psychological defense

Denial as a way of psychological defense

Denial-avoidance of new information that is incompatible with traditional notions about yourself. Protection appears to ignore the potentially disturbing information, evading her. It's like a barrier, located right at the entrance of the receiving system does not allow unwanted information there that irretrievably lost to humans and can not be restored later. By denying attention is reoriented so that the person becomes particularly inattentive to those areas of life and the faces of the events that lead to his troubles, it can hurt, he thereby dissociate himself from them. Avoid themes, situations, books, movies, suspected of provoking at unwanted emotions. Denial as to eliminate the possibility of unpleasant experiences. Man or fenced off from new information ("there, but not for me"), or does not notice them, believing that they are not.

Suppression - a strategy of psychological defense

Suppression - a strategy of psychological defense

The suppression protection manifested in blocking unpleasant or unwanted information in its translation of the receiving system in the memory or in the derivation of the memory consciousness. Relevant information is provided as to special labels, making it difficult to follow any of its recollection - blocks it - although the information marked thus stored in memory.

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