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The last "free" summer preschoolers brings parents many alarms associated with the upcoming arrival of children in the first grade. Sometimes these concerns are overly boosted, making the educational efforts adults convulsively chaotic.

What is psychological readiness for school? Traditionally, there are three aspects of school maturity: intellectual, emotional and social.

Intellectual maturity of 6-7 years of age - is the ability to allocate the figure from the background, ability to concentrate, to establish links between the phenomena and events, the possibility of logical memory, the ability to reproduce a sample, as well as the development of fine hand movements and coordination.

However, be aware that now in private schools is severe selection. And there was a requirement too high, the child will be asked to write on the board the name and surname, name and patronymic of the parents, not just count to ten, and the expense of twos and fives back and forth, and not only within a dozen, reading, etc. If you think that would give a child to a school, you should know in advance the requirements, as well as you can use the preparatory group, which usually exist in places with serious entry requirements.

Emotional maturity - is weakening the immediate, impulsive reactions and the ability to perform long-term is not very attractive job, ie the development of voluntary behavior.

Social maturity implies the need to communicate with their peers and the ability to make its behavior laws groups of children, the ability to take the role of the student, the ability to listen and follow the instructions of the teacher.

As a basis for school readiness, so is a certain desired level of child development, without which he never could succeed in school. Does any child can go to school and learn it successfully? Obviously, this is not so. The path of development of each individual child. Someone begins to walk earlier than others, but then does not speak long, someone, on the contrary, can not smile, but begins to speak whole sentences, but still remembers the letter. Therefore, school age children come with different baggage of experience - knowledge, skills, and habits. Subsequently, each of them learn to read and count, but by the time they start school is not important to have formed specific skills, and the ability to perceive and absorb new material, ie child's ability to learn.

So as school maturity, like all development of the child, subject to the law of uneven development of mental, every child has their own strengths and areas of greatest vulnerability.

Child is born the first-grader, school readiness - a set of abilities that are amenable to exercise. In any case, your child grows and approaches the school. But please bear in mind a few simple rules:

• Classes with a toddler should be mutually voluntary.

• Their length should not exceed 35 minutes.

• Do not attempt to offer a child a task if he is tired.

• Try to have regular classes - "brainstorming" in preparation for the school is not very efficient.

How to help him?

If you fear for your child's success, you should not "train" his addition and subtraction, reading by syllables. Instructional techniques in primary education are constantly changing, there are many authoring software, and your efforts can go counter to them that only further complicate the child's education. Much more useful to use general developmental exercises that are useful for enhancing perception, memory, attention, fine motor hand. Teach your child to pay attention to how words sound - offer him to repeat the words clearly, both Russian and foreign, familiar and unfamiliar ("electrification", "Master", etc.). Unlearn him poems, tongue twisters and compose tales. Ask heard recite the text and retell it in your own words. Remember party games like "I was born gardener ..." - they develop an arbitrary action, concentration, speech stock enrich children.

Very useful to remember various objects, their number and relative position, pay attention to the details of the child's landscape and environment. Let compares different objects and phenomena - what they have in common and how they differ. Encourage your child to remember the sequence of numbers (eg, telephone numbers). Well stimulate the development of concentration maze game in which you need to "trace" the path of the character, as well as reference to compare the two almost identical pictures.

Do not neglect the lessons, to develop and strengthen small hand movements: sculpture, drawing, application, game designers with type LEGO - all this creates the preconditions for the formation of good handwriting and promotes the development of children's thinking. Use the handy tools - can be separated from the corn peas or beans, sort buttons, expanded matches.

And try to create a healthy attitude to the school at which he would be eager to learn, not afraid of bad grades and was sure that honors or Losers, it is still the most favorite for you!


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