General Psychology Psychiatry Psychologists Thinkers Crib

Psycology » Articles » Common Questions » Experience patograficheskogo analysis

Patografiya as part of the clinical and social psychiatry, as well as its history is both instructional techniques special study distinguished personalities to the study of disease (or personal anomalies) and evaluation activities (creativity in the broadest sense of the word) of the subject in a particular socio-cultural situation.

In this connection, it is possible to discuss some distinctive features of creativity Daniil Kharms (1905 -1942) in the light of his biography (psychopathological features and human destiny).

Of biographical data on heredity writer knows that mother Harms (education teacher), worked in the women's correctional facility where about ten years lived with his son, why Kharms about one of his biographers wrote: "Born near the prison, he died in prison. " Mother differed willed, energetic character, however, was unsociable, rather formal and rigid, stingy on the expression of feelings. Any trust, warm relationship with his son, apparently did not exist. Diary entries writer names abound aunts, other relatives, but mention of the mother, we do not find in them. In an autobiographical sketch ("Now I tell you how I was born ...") Harms in his usual absurd grotesque form of reports that "... turned out to noobs and was born four months early ... midwife ... beginning to push me back, where I just got ... "and then it turns out that it" is not stuffed in a hurry there, "and he was born for the second time after the mother was given a laxative. Thus, the mother becomes the object of ridicule, and the author himself, identifying himself with feces, demonstrates the extreme degree of self-deprecation with a hint of emotional flaws, recreating life scenario man-loser who was not born and all and could not be realized in life. On the other hand, this "metaphor" can be considered as confirmation of estrangement from her mother, which remains static-idly during the events, show no interest in how it is through her child is born. We can assume that Harms tries to avenge his mother, devaluing its image, and then, as if to punish himself for contempt of the mother figure, associates with sewage. This assumption, being purely hypothetical, aims to show the combination of features of vulnerability and sensitivity in the personality structure with elements Harms emotional flattening and regressive Sinton type "wood and glass." This key characterological feature writer, called "psihesteticheskoy proportion", left a mark on all of his work and largely predetermined his identity.

The writer's father (Ivan Yuvachev) at a young age joined the organization "Narodnaya Volya", but almost immediately he was arrested. Being in a cell Shlisselburgskaya fortress, he is experiencing a remarkable transformation of worldview: from staunch socialist and atheist, he turned into a fanatically religious man. Many of the prisoners who were sitting with him talking about his "religious madness" that he had to be transferred to the fortress monastery. Soon Harms father was exiled to Sakhalin, where he met with AP Chekhov called it in his notes "remarkably industrious and kind person." Upon his return to St. Petersburg I. Yuvachev became Orthodox preacher, published about 10 books under the pseudonym of soul-saving content "Mirolubov." Son listened to his father kept his edification, drawn from the sacred books. Later, he is already a writer starts writing preachy parable. But in the instructions Harms didactics was confused, inverted, artsy, "... the professor sits perfectly normal on a cot in a madhouse, holding a fishing rod and catch on the floor some invisible fish. This professor is just a pathetic example of how many accidents in life that take in life is not the place they should take, "or -" one person, from childhood to old age always slept on his back with arms crossed. In the end he died. Therefore - do not sleep on your side. " Antididaktichnost Harms caricature and rejected the existence of universal precepts and practices. This reflects not only the desire to avoid moralizing, but also bitter parody of the modern writer mores of society and even the pain of a dying man. Father did not know and did not approve of creativity son, but despite this, the authority for Harms remained throughout his short life - "Yesterday my father told me that while I Harms, I will haunt needs. Daniil Charms. " Paternal ideological inconsistency and categorical ambitendentnost, the pursuit of opposition, and in recent years and paradoxical religiosity were inherited writer and played no role in his sad fate.

The small Yuvacheva Daniel had a lot of talent. He had an absolute ear for music, sang well, played the French horn, a lot of drawing, was smyshlen, resourceful, prone to mischief. Since childhood, had a wild imagination, and almost always able to convince their peers in reality fictions. While studying at the Lutheran school, he mastered German and English. This not only read foreign poetry exclusively in the original, but had impeccable pronunciation. Already manifested itself in the gymnasium Daniel passion to hoaxes and extravagant theatrical antics. He created an elaborate system of behavior to the smallest detail - from clothing to verse spells and masks - aliases. Seriously urged teachers not to put him to deuce - "not to offend orphan" under the stairs at home "settled" their imaginary, dearly beloved "muterhen" wound up with her long conversations in the presence of the affected neighbors. Climbed the tree and could sit for hours in the branches, writing something in the book. These examples show that, despite the pronounced demonstratizm and extravagance, Harms motivated not so much to impress as to realize their autistic and narcissistic fantasies. Already as a teenager because of oddities in behavior begin conflicts with society: in 19 years Yuvachev excluded from elektrotehnikum, he could not get any higher or specialized secondary education.

© 2008-2021 Psychology online.: en, es, de, fr, cz